Dandruff – causes and treatments - Alpha Male Nation
To many people, the way they look is of high importance. No wonder why since it is their physical label for the society and all the others around them. Even if you take good care of yourself and hygiene is your religion, there are times when your appearance might deal with little displeasures such as dandruff. What causes it and what you should do in order to treat it is our today’s topic.
What is dandruff?
Most of us know what it is. And still, those white spots you see in your hair and on your clothing are dry skin fragments and dead skin cells.
What causes dandruff?
The occurrence of dandruff is associated with various skin diseases, health conditions and hair care products and routines. Here are the most common dandruff causes:
- Sebhorreic dermatitis
Dandruff occurs when the scalp exfoliates excessively. What are the reasons why that happens? The most common is said to be sebhorreic dermatitis which affects the scalp, face, ears, mid-chest and mid-back.
Although the precise cause of this seborrhea is unknown, specialists say that an important role in causing it goes to the yeast known as Malassezia furfur which lives on our skin.
- Skin conditions
There are other inflammatory diseases that cause dandruff and among them there is: psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis and fungal infection.
- Improper hygiene
When there is no dermatitis or inflammatory disease, dandruff may be caused by not enough hair brushing and shampooing. Brushing helps one shed off dry skin. People who do not brush on a regular basis have a higher risk of having dandruff. Shampooing is also an important step in your hair care routine. If you do not shampoo, oil and dead skin cells build up and cause dandruff.
- Dry skin
Dandruff might occur even if you don’t have any inflammatory disease and you’re very careful with your hair hygiene. That might happen simply because you have a dry skin. If you have this skin type and you also combine winter cold air with overheated rooms, there are great chances for you to get itchy and flaking skin which results in dandruff.
- Certain illnesses
Some experts associate a higher risk of getting dandruff with certain illnesses like neurological illnesses and Parkinson’s disease. Adults with such health conditions have greater chances of getting seborrhea dermatitis and, thus, dandruff. Also, people who recover from heart attacks and strokes have a weaker immune system which directly affects the skin. Therefore, in such cases it is more likely for dandruff to occur.
- Reaction to personal care products
Some people may get dandruff as a reaction to the hair care products they use. There are products that may cause a red itchy scalp. Experts say that shampooing too often may irritate the scalp and, thus, cause dandruff.
- A diet poor in nutrients
According to some experts, dandruff can also be the result of a poor diet. They say that people who do not have enough foods rich in zinc and B vitamins are more likely to get dandruff.
There are even voices pointing to mental stress as the cause of dandruff. More studies are further needed in order to see if that is true.
How can you treat dandruff?
First of all, see a doctor. Although the most common form of dandruff can be treated with over-the-counter products, it’s best to see a specialist and get your dandruff cause identified and, thus, the right treatment.
Among the products used in treating dandruff, the following need to be mentioned:
- Shampoos – in most cases, dandruff can be removed and the cause treated with shampoos. The ingredients to look for when buying such products are: Selenium sulfide (which will help your scalp glands produce less oil), Salicylic acid (used to remove the dead skin cells), Zinc pyrithione (which slows down the yeast production), Ketoconazole (used for its anti-fungal properties), tea tree oil (used for its antiseptic, antifungal and antibiotic properties), and Tar (natural anti-fungal product).
- Creams – The treatment you receive depends on the severity of your dandruff. Among the products sold to treat dandruff, there are also cortisone and antifungal creams. Just like shampoos, these products should be applied until sebhorrea disappears. Once the dandruff condition is treated, you can go back to the products you use normally and reuse the dandruff treatment when necessary.
- Liquids, gels and foams – besides shampoos and creams, dandruff treatments include corticosteroid-based liquids, gels, and foams. These can be applied to your scalp without leaving your hair matted and limp.
If sebhorrea is the cause of your dandruff, you should know that most treatments for this condition will only help you temporarily as there are great chances for dandruff to reoccur. Such shampoos and creams will calm down your scalp or skin sensitivity but they cannot stop the dandruff from reappearing. In most cases though, people with sebhorrea dandruff use dandruff treatments from time to time when the condition is getting too unpleasant or visible.
There are rare cases when a person suffering from sebhorrea dandruff gets complications. However, if that happens, it is very likely for one of the dandruff treatments you use to cause those particular complications. If you get an irritation after using your dandruff treatment, stop using it altogether and see your doctor.
If the cause of your dandruff is just your dry skin, make sure you use the appropriate hair care and you avoid cold air and overheat combinations. This will make it worse. Some doctors also recommend not to switch shampoos too often and go for a healthy hair care routine.
Pay attention to your diet as well. Make sure it includes foods rich in the nutrients needed for a healthy skin. You can see a nutrition expert and get a custom-made diet. Make certain you also stay hydrated. If you already have dry skin and you don’t get enough water, there are great chances for it to become even drier.